Great Eight: 

Escape from Berlin—last good chance to get out

Cover Art: 

How Elly and Helga Ringel were smuggled with SS escort out of Germany and across the Belgian border in August 1938.

Split decision on restored German citizenship

Both Dan and Joanne applied for reclaimed German citizenship under Article xx of the German Constitution, but only Joanne’s application was accepted.

Ringel-Kaufler roots in Austrian Galicia

Schija Ringel and Feiga Kaufler came to Berlin as young people in the 1880s. They had their roots in Jewish Galicia.

Helga at the beach

Elly and her daughter escaped the sweltering city for the pleasures of Long Beach.



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