The Wohlgemuths in Danzig—and how they got there

New Wohlgemuth discoveries

If I travel to Germany and Poland this summer, one of the subjects of interest will be the history of the Wohlgemuth family in Starogard, Danzig (Gdansk), and Berlin. I am plotting an itinerary that would give me two days in Gdansk including a sidetrip to nearby Starogard Gdansk, from where the Wohlgemuths originally came. One question that I had was the address of the moving company that the two Wohlgemuth brothers, Julius and Isaak, operated in Danzig. 

I knew I had that info in my files at home, contained in several Danzig telephone directory listings that I saved some time ago. But I was away from home just on my mobile and I tapped in Wohlgemuth to the Danzig Database on JewishGen. I don't think I had ever seen these results before. 

Name
(Maiden Name)
Record Type
Date
Age
Father
Mother
Residence Community
Source
Leopold Meyer 
24-AUG-1910 
Julius WOHLGEMUTH 
Rosa SITTENFELDT 
Poggenpfuhl 73 [Poggenpfuhl73]  Danzig 
FHL 1184407/2, p 33, l 258, r 3336 
Hilde 
30-JAN-1906 
Isaak WOHLGEMUTH 
Betty KATZ 
Abbeggasse 1 a [Abbegg1a]  Danzig 
FHL 1184407/2, p 08, l 57, r 534 

The second one is Aunt Hilda's birth record, showing the names of her parents, Isaak and Betty Wohlgemuth, and their address, as well as a record locator/identifier. The first one gives the name of a wife and son of Isaak's brother and business partner Julius Wohlgemuth. Previous to this, we have not had any information about Julius' family. 

I got home and checked the old phone directory images. Yes! Both the business location and Julius' residence were at the same address at Poggenpfuhl 73, right in the heart of the commercial district near to the wharves. Today Poggenpfuhl is called Zabi Kruk, and it remains a busy thoroughfare. Abbeggasse has been harder so far to place. There were several Jewish neighborhoods in 1910 Danzig were Isaak's family might have lived. I'll keep working to locate that address. 

So then I popped over to Ancestry in order to update my tree with the new names. I navigated to Julius and noticed there was a new Ancestry hint (leaf) showing for him. Many times these don't check out but I clicked and was immediately shown a February 1912 death certificate from Stettin, Prussia. My German is getting better and I could read the names of his parents and wife on the document. I'll post it in a separate file so it doesn't take up too much space here.

It is too bad that Julius died young, age 41, leaving a widow and young child. The place of death is interesting, Stettin being another Prussian commercial center. Perhaps he died there while on business. It also helps to explain why the moving company in Danzig was sold to a German buyer the following year, and that was when Isaak moved his family to Berlin.

Quite possibly, the widow Rosa Wohlgemuth and her young son Leo also went to Berlin at that time. One of the Wohlgemuth gravesites at the Weissensee Cemetery in Berlin is for Rosa Wohlgemuth, and we were never sure who that was. Now we know it was Julius's widow. And what became of young Leopold Wohlgemuth? Read on in the next post. 

Leopold Wohlgemuth went to Brazil

Having updated Ancestry with the name of Julius Wohlgemuth's son, I next ran a search on Leopold Meyer Wohlgemuth. The first hit was definitive. 

He received a immigration permit from the United States of Brazil in September of 1960. The permit was issued at Brazil's consulate in Beunos Aires, suggesting that Wohlgemuth had been living in Argentina before that. His nationality is listed as German; perhaps he has already reclaimed German citizenship under the post-War administration.

It is definitely our relative because his birth date and location are right, as are the names of his mother and father. His professional is listed as merchant. He has no wife or children

I wonder what kind of life he made for himself in Brazil. I will dig deeper to see what else I can learn. Meanwhile, it is thrilling to look at the picture of Elly's first cousin as he begins life in 1960 as a Brazilian immigrant.  

Julius Wohlgemuth death certificate

I will give a full translation later. 

The Wohlgemuths *were* in the moving business in Danzig

This post was written September 24, 2016 but was not published (with minor edits) on Family History Machine until today. 

I have been skeptical for several reasons of the detail from Walter's "Helga's Story" that Elly's father Isaak had been in the moving business in Danzig before moving to Berline. For one, Isaak's profession is given as "mill owner" on his 1898 marriage certificate. Also, it didn't make sense he was anti-Ostjuden, as we've been told, since they would have been a big part of a mover's clientele in Danzig as they came through the city on the way to the west. 

Also, there has been this lingering question about just who was Julius Wohlgemuth, whom we originally believed was Elly's father. 

I have just discovered a trove of address books from Danzig at many-roads.com that answers both questions. So far I looked only at 1907 but immediately hit paydirt. Attached are images of the Wohlgemuth listings in the 1907 address books. 

Both Isaak and Julius are listed as co-owners ("Mitinhaber") of the firm Julius Wohlgemuth, which is called a "carrier" ("Spediteur") and provides "furniture transport, residential and office." The business address is on a major Danzig street, Poggenpfuhl Straße. Julius's listing shows a graphic image for a telephone. His telephone number is 611. 

Clearly, Julius is the older brother of Isaak and the senior partner in the business since it uses his name and the business listing is given under Julius. 

I thought you'd want to hear about this development right away. I've been holding back on further news of the Katz family. Betty's father Louis was born not in Kolberg but the East Prussian town of Heilberg (now Linzbark Warminski in Poland). His parents were Hirsch Levin Katz and Taube Conrad. 

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